A vaccination is the injection of a killed or weakened organism that produces immunity in the body against that organism.The following lists include all groups recommended to get the flu vaccine, as well as those who are not recommended to receive either the flu shot or the nasal spray vaccine.Talk to your doctor or nurse if you have any questions regarding what flu vaccine options are best for you and your family.
The following groups are recommended to get a yearly flu vaccine:
- All persons aged 6 months and older should be vaccinated annually.
- Protection of persons at higher risk for influenza-related complications should continue to be a focus of vaccination efforts as providers and programs transition to routine vaccination of all persons aged 6 months and older.
- When vaccine supply is limited, vaccination efforts should focus on delivering vaccination to persons who:
- are aged 6 months through 4 years
- are aged 50 years and older
- have chronic pulmonary(including asthma), cardiovascular(except hypertension),renal,hepatic,neurologic,hematologic,or metabolic disorders(including diabetes mellitus)
- are immunosuppressed(including immunosuppression caused by medications or by human immunodefficiency virus)
- are or will br pregnant during the influenza season
- are aged 6 months through 18 years and receiving long-term aspirin therapy and who therefore might be at risk for expecineriencing Reye syndrome after influenza virus infection
- are residents of nursing homes and other chronic-care facilities
- are American Indians/Allaska Natives
- are morbidly obese(body-mass index is 40 or greater)
- are health-care personnel
- are household contacts and caregivers of children aged younger than 5 years and adults aged 50 years and older, with particular emphasis on vaccinating contacts of children aged younger than 6 months and
- are household contacts and caregivers of persons with medical conditions that put them at higher risk for severe complications from influenza
The following groups should not receive the flu shot(TIV)
- People who have ever had a severe allergic reaction to eggs.People who have a mild reaction to egg-that is, one which only involved hives-may receive TIV with additional precautions.Make sure your healthcare provider knows about any allergic reactions.
- People who have ever had a severe allergic reaction to influenza vaccine
- People with a history of Guillain-Barre Syndrome(a severe paralytic illness, also called GBS) that occurred after receiving influenza vaccine and who are not at risk for severe illness from influenza should generally not receive vaccine.